Tuesday, March 24, 2015

250W IR Class D amplifier

After building two other medium and high power Class D amps (see earlier posts) I thought I would like to hear what a IR (International Rectifiers) chip set base amp sounded like. This 250W module comes full assembled but, as with the others, you are required to make the PS etc.

I chose a 3U 19" rack mount enclosure. I required an enclosure this large because I wanted to use some very large and very expensive Mundorf M-Lytic capacitors I had. The PS can produce 420W and the capacitors are 2 X 47,000uf low ESR type. According to specs the caps can release several hundred amps. The usual RFI\EMI power filter fronts the 300VA transformer and gold plated brass speaker binding posts and RCAs grace the rear.

In other builds small fans are used to cool the power FETs but in this case a very thick Al block is used as a heatsink. For this reason this amp makes no noise where the others have a low fan noise. On a brief listen to the amp it sounds fine and more mellow and balanced than the other two. Further images will follow.

Sunday, February 22, 2015

CMoy knock-off for a Kiwi friend

My good friend Bill has some crazy expensive hifi gear. He has also bought some of my home grown goodies to supplement his gorgeous high-end stuff. Also he travels to NZ regularly and has some very classy high-end ear buds. BUT the plane's audio system fails to drive them to their best. CMoy to the rescue!

Bill gave me one solid, immovable mandate in two parts: Small and light. When checking out the specs of most OPAMP chips; LM833 and OPA2134 (my fav.) I discovered they will work down to +/- 2.5V. I'm running this fledgling on a single 9V battery with a differential resistive and capacitive network to give me +/-4.5V. OK not a lot of headroom but I'm working under tough conditions here.

A small Jaycar ABS enclosure houses all parts and battery required. I use prototype brds. I bought from Stiff Dick many years ago. When on the LED just glows to show some one is home. At 152gm with battery and being a little larger than the palm of your hand I think I have met all mandates. Not only that it sounds excellent.

As you can see I work in 3D when it comes to cct. bds. The whole shebang is silver soldered and solid core fine copper wire hooks it all up. The two tone ABS enclosure is lined with bitumanised heavy Al foil for screening and resonance control. It will carry a "retro-thermionic" decal and will be delivered in a black velvet slim fitting bag. What a spoil!

Friday, February 13, 2015

"ROBUSTO" - 500W Class D power amp

After completing a 100W Class D amp and enjoying the sound thought I would try a more powerful one. What I did find with the 100W version is when called on to go loud, on my medium efficiency speakers, the amp sounded harsh. This is not the case with this new amp. It will play extremely loud with no strain or harshness. The 500W Sure Electronics module will produce 200W into an 8ohm load.

In this build I have used 2 X 300W power transformers and 40,000uf of storage capacitance. The power supply can deliver 16A! The enclosure is a 2U 19" rack mount and the amp weighs 10kg. This is the most detailed amp I have ever built heard or built and produces the sharpest imaging imaginable. Decay and reverb go on forever and bass and treble are extremely well delivered.

Thursday, November 20, 2014

"Mirage" Class D 100Wpc power amp

It is one thing building power amps and preamps etc. as SS or valve based devices. It is so easy to slip into that very well known and well excepted mold. I have done so many times. But what about something a little more out of your comfort zone. And what about trusting an $AU32, 100Wpc pre-built amp module from the far east. Well? Well I did but only after a friend had already bought and built based on the same module.

Sure Electronics will ship a tiny (hand size) Class D amp module for the price of two fine beers. What you need to supply is 30VDC @ about 6 to 8A and something to put it in. My build is in a Jaycar 2U 19” rack enclosure which houses a 18V, 9A toroidal, rectifying and filter board and little else.  There are two selectable gold plated quality RCAs on the back and 4oz solid brass knob at the front. One input allows direct connection to the module the other via attenuator. This way the amp can be used as a power amp or have the ability to control volume levels. The sound is very crisp, bright and detailed. It grows on you.

Saturday, July 26, 2014

"VoXConcentriC" - Beyma 12" high efficiency speakers

I wanted to build a high efficiency speaker to work with my low power valve and SS amps. These Spanish designed and made 12" concentric drivers by Beyma (12XA30/Nd) filled the bill. The woofer section is 98db efficient and the tweeter section 105! Because these drivers have a very low Q only a 30ltr ported box is required but also a result of high efficiency and low Q there is not a lot of low bass. Sub-woofers or bass drivers are required if you like your low bass. The woofer cone is heavy and quite stiff the the domed concentric tweeter is titanium. The drivers and rated at 350W! The magnet assembly is extremely powerful and uses neodymium magnets.

The boxes are heavily braced inside and lined with bitumanised heavy Al tape and a layer of dampening. The external Xovers are very simple crossing from the woofer to the tweeter at 2KHz. There is a -6db slope on the woofer and -12db slope on the tweeter. The finish is one I have developed myself by using a roller to produce a very stippled, sonicly damp layer. Grills are magnetically attached. The overall sound of the speakers is detailed.

Monday, June 2, 2014

"Black Lace" all Ozzie valve 6V6 power amp.

Ozzie, Ozzie, Ozzie. All Australian made Miniwatt tubes (at least 50 years old) on a Murbue base. "Black Lace" was always going to be a very Ozzie build. All tubes: 6V6, 6SN7 and 5U4 are Ozzie Miniwatt made. The 6V6s are black glass and spent 40 years under a house nearby uncovered. To keep with the old school feel carbon film resistors are use throughout except for the cathode Rk which are 5W wire wounds.

The PS is split at a Russian 4uf PIO first cap. The power tranni is rubber mounted to stop vibration reaching the tubes also on the top plate. Domed chromed nuts, securing the power tranni, sit on copper and brass washers purely for looks. The bottom plate has a heavy strip of bitumanised Al foil for dampening.

Two 5H Hammond chokes split the PS to pass through C-R-C filters. 100uf-6.8ohms (carbon film)-100uf. Even at the driver tube the PS remains split in two for two drop down resistors each with a 47uf snubbed electros for storage and further filtering. As you can see a dual PS stream right from the first cap all the way through. Most filter electros are snubbed with 0.1uf high voltage polies. Russian Military PIO caps are used for the inter-stage. The amp is exceedingly quiet.

All hook-up wire was off-cuts from the power tranni and OPTs. The solder was from the 60s or 70s - lead, tin and copper and Ozzie made. The sockets are a resin style, no ceramics around here! OPTs - Edcors - strayed black. The bypass caps on the 6SN7 are bypolar and the bypass caps (Ck) on the 6V6s are low ESR electros. The black lace with the amp (Black Lace) has been photographed on will be cut to for a dust cover when the amp is not in use and will be weighted down with clear and emerald glass beads. All tubes should be run in but all other components are new. The sound for now playing laid-back jazz is crisp, fast and un-coloured.

Sunday, April 27, 2014

"Parley" - valve preamp with jFet buffer

This build is to replace a single stage valve preamp with a jFet buffer\driver stage. This allows a  simple valve preamp to drive low impedance loads. The frontend is a 12AU7 plate follower with moderate gain and the back-end a Pass inspired B1 buffer. The buffer stage uses two jFet with one acting as a constant current source. Either stage could be used by itself but together you get the better of two worlds. I called this preamp "Parley".

The enclosure is a 2U 19”, black stippled rackable. Four modules: 250VHT\12VDC reg, 18VDC for buffer stage and the valve preamp section. There are three selectable inputs on the rear and with Alps Blue Velvet pot and 4oz solid brass knob the build is stylish and good sounding. It also compliments my tube and chip amp, “Number 9” which is in a similar enclosure and from both the front and back look the same.